Why are there ulcers in the tongue?
The state of the tongue - a muscular organ located in the oral cavity - is an indicator of the overall health of a person. Ulcers in the tongue can signal the presence of any diseases in the body. Establishing the causes of their formation will help diagnose the disease, as well as prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Causes of ulceration of the tongue
There are a lot of reasons as a result of which wounds are formed in the mouth. Ulcers on the tongue may appear as a result of mechanical injury to the surface of the teeth or after eating acidic foods, especially if you have an increased acidity. Such wounds disappear by themselves after normalization of nutrition. A child has a tongue ulcer most often as a result of stomatitis. In addition, the source of the disease can be a viral infection, immune disorders, emotional outbursts and disorders of the digestive system. Ulcers in the tongue may appear as a result of infection with herpes infection. In this case, they are added with abundant salivation, bad breath and fever.
More serious reasons
Any ulcers in the tongue? The reasons for them can be very serious. In tuberculosis, painful ulceration with irregular edges and a deep bottom covered with pale vitreous granulations are formed in the frenulum of the tongue, its tip, back. In syphilis, the ulcers have a greasy bottom and flat, non-visible edges. In case of a cancer disease, deep wounds are located along the edges of the tongue, have uneven, strongly prominent edges, hilly, covered with gray bloom bottom. In addition, they bleed slightly and exude a fetid odor.
The methods of treatment of the wounds that appear in the language depend on the reasons causing them. Treatment can be started only after diagnosis has been made. For stomatitis, it is recommended to wash the ulcers and rinse the mouth with a tincture of chamomile, calendula, a weak solution of manganese or baking soda, furatsilin, decoction of flax, peach, or sea buckthorn. In more advanced cases, treatment with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, or hormonal drugs or cauterization is prescribed. In the event of an ulcer in the language caused by tuberculosis or syphilis, the treatment is primarily aimed at alleviating the symptoms of the underlying disease.To suppress the infection leading to tuberculosis, therapy is carried out for a long time without interruption with the use of necessary drugs. For the treatment of ulcers of the cancer form, surgical intervention and radiation therapy, cryo- and photoexposure, are used. If the ulcers in the tongue are caused by a disease such as aphtosis, then during treatment, mainly antibiotics and sulfa drugs are used.