Why hurt calves?
Almost every person at least once in his life faced a problem when calves of the feet hurt. The pain can be different - from weak to intense. And there are a lot of reasons for such discomfort, starting with physical overstrain and ending with inflammation and lesions of nerve endings. If pain is disturbed regularly, and you are sure that it is not caused by a strong overstrain of the muscles, you should seek medical help. The following are the most common causes of discomfort in the lower leg.
Why hurt calves? Physical exercise
Probably one of the most common reasons is intense physical labor. Almost every athlete is constantly faced with a similar problem, especially those people who are engaged in running, skiing and skating, walking.
Sore calves and because of varicose veins. After all, this disease is accompanied by stagnation of blood, impaired circulation and, as a result, an increase in pressure in the vessels. Varicose veins may also be accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the limbs.
Sore calves due to atherosclerosis
Of course, the narrowing of the lumen of the arteries that supply the muscles of the legs with blood, oxygen and nutrients is accompanied by severe pains that are similar to squeezing. In addition, the feet of sick people are almost always cold — even on the hottest day of summer. As a rule, calves of a leg hurt most of all when walking.
Diseases of the spine
The deformed spine, curvature, pinching of the nerves are accompanied by pain that spreads to different areas, including the calf muscles. It is interesting that at the same time there may be no discomfort in the spinal column. For example, curvatures lead to an improper distribution of body weight, with the result that the muscles of the lower legs constantly experience a heavy load. Another disease is known - inflammation of the sciatic nerve, or sciatica - which is accompanied by discomfort in the legs.
Sometimes the calves of the legs hurt because of the inflammatory process in the tissues. These diseases are combined under the name of myositis. Inflammation can be caused either by trauma or by any other infection that the body is struggling with, including the flu virus.It is worth noting that this is a rather dangerous disease, which, if left untreated, can turn into more severe forms, causing suppuration and even necrosis. Also known parasitic myositis associated with the penetration of parasites (for example, some worms) into muscle tissue. In any of these cases, hospitalization and medical care is required.
This is another disease that is accompanied by a gradual degeneration of muscle tissue and, of course, pain in the affected muscle. It should be noted that this problem is considered to be very rare and is transmitted from parents to child along with genetic material.
What to do if calves are sore?
First you need to determine the cause. If the pain is the result of standing work or heavy physical exertion, warm foot baths (such as sea salt) are recommended, as well as massages to help relieve muscle spasm. If pain occurs periodically and for no apparent reason, you should seek help from a specialist.